Leveraging Tax Benefits with Business Loans

August 17, 2023
Updated on

Business owners need financial assistance to start and expand their businesses and to cover everyday costs such as the acquisition of raw materials or equipment, hiring workers, sales, technology, marketing and more. Many opt for business loans to meet these financial requirements. Business owners who have taken a business loan for the purposes of expansion, investment of their enterprise or any other business-related purpose are entitled to tax incentives.

The Government of India in order to boost the local economy offers a number of tax benefits to businesses, especially the micro small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). This is a great measure to promote entrepreneurship and economic growth in the country. These tax benefits include deductions on interest payments, principal payments, and expenses incurred in taking a loan. Additionally, start-ups can also avail of special tax exemptions and deductions to help them establish their businesses.

Businesses can also avail of tax deductions on capital gains from the sale of a business. This means that any profits made from the sale of a business are not taxable. Furthermore, the government also offers tax benefits for using green energy sources, such as solar energy and wind energy. These tax benefits are aimed at encouraging businesses to use green energy sources and reduce their carbon footprint. 

In addition, businesses can avail of tax credits for investing in research and development. This encourages businesses to invest in innovation and research to improve their products and services. The government also offers tax incentives for investing in new technology and equipment. This helps businesses to stay competitive and up-to-date with the latest technology and equipment. Overall, the tax benefits offered by the government on business loans in India are very beneficial for businesses. These benefits help businesses to save on costs and increase their profitability.

Main Taxes Applicable to Businesses in India

In India, businesses are subject to a variety of taxes, including income tax and goods and services tax (GST). Income tax is levied on the profits earned by a business. The income tax rate for companies in India is currently 30% for domestic companies and 40% for foreign companies. However, there are various tax exemptions and deductions available that can reduce a company’s overall tax liability such as:


Companies can claim depreciation on assets that are used for business purposes. This deduction allows companies to recover the cost of assets over their useful life.

Research and Development:

Companies can claim tax exemptions on expenses incurred on research and development. This deduction encourages companies to invest in innovation and technology.

Charitable Donations:

Companies can claim tax deductions on charitable donations made to recognized charitable organizations. The donation should be made in accordance with the rules and regulations of the tax authorities.

Employee Benefits:

Companies can claim tax deductions on employee benefits such as health insurance, retirement benefits, and paid time off. These benefits are considered part of the employee’s compensation and are deductible expenses for the company.

Business Expenses:

Companies can claim tax deductions on expenses incurred in the course of their business. These expenses can include rent, utilities, office supplies, and marketing expenses.


Companies can claim tax deductions on losses incurred in the course of their business. These losses can be carried forward to offset future profits.

GST and Business Tax

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is closely connected to business taxes in India. GST is an indirect tax that is imposed on the value-added at each stage of the supply chain, and it replaced several indirect taxes that were previously in place, such as value-added tax (VAT), service tax, and excise duty. GST applies to all businesses that have an annual turnover above a certain threshold (20 Lakhs in most states and 40 Lakhs in some states).

These businesses are required to register for GST and file regular returns detailing their sales and purchases, as well as the GST that they have paid and collected. The GST is divided into different tax rates, depending on the goods or services that are being supplied. The tax rates are 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. Additionally, some goods and services are kept outside the GST ambit and are taxed under 0%.

Businesses can claim GST credit for taxes paid on inputs (purchases) and use it to set off against GST liability on output (sales). GST credit is claimed in the GST return form. This is known as Input Tax Credit (ITC) which helps businesses to reduce their overall tax liability. According to the Indian government, as of March 2020, over 80 million businesses have availed of ITC, which amounts to a total of Rs. 4.51 lakh crore. This has helped businesses save on taxes and increase their profitability.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has had a significant impact on the MSMEs sector in India. While there were some initial challenges in adapting to the new tax regime, there have been several benefits that MSMEs have experienced since its implementation.

GST has simplified the tax system by replacing multiple indirect taxes with a single tax, making compliance easier for MSMEs. This has led to increased transparency and reduced tax evasion, benefiting honest taxpayers in the MSME sector. Additionally, GST has also reduced the cost of logistics and transportation by streamlining the movement of goods across the country, which has particularly helped MSMEs involved in inter-state trade. Overall, GST has helped MSMEs become more competitive, enabling them to improve their market position and profitability.

GST has created a level playing field for MSMEs by reducing the cascading effect of taxes. This means that MSMEs no longer have to pay tax on tax, resulting in lower overall tax costs. Furthermore, the introduction of composition schemes for small taxpayers has reduced the compliance burden on small MSMEs.

Under this scheme, businesses with an annual turnover of up to Rs 1.5 crores can pay a fixed percentage of their turnover as GST and file quarterly returns, reducing compliance costs and increasing ease of doing business. Overall, GST has been beneficial for the MSME sector by simplifying the tax system, reducing costs, and promoting ease of doing business.

Tax Deduction for Business Loans in India

In India, business loans are tax deductible. According to the regulations of the Income Tax Act of 1961, the interest portion of the business loan is allowable as a deduction from the profits made by a company. The Income Tax Act makes it clear that loans for businesses are not company income from which profits are earned.

The reason for this distinction is that loans are considered a form of debt that the company must repay, while income from sales or services is considered revenue that is earned through the company’s operations. Since loans must be repaid, they are not considered a source of profit for the company and therefore are not subject to income tax.

Business loan interest is the additional sum of money that a borrower must pay to the lender in order to acquire the cash. This interest is paid in addition to the total amount borrowed. Obtaining a business loan is a crucial choice for any individual or organization. It does, however, provide tax benefits because you may deduct off interest payments as business costs. Costs incurred by a business to generate income are considered tax deductible expenses. The whole revenue is deducted from the business expenses to compute taxes.

Tax Benefits of Availing a Business Loan

Businesses can often take advantage of tax benefits when they take out a loan to finance their operations. Here are a few examples of tax benefits that may be available:

Interest Paid on Business Loan:

Business loans have an interest charge that must be repaid to the lender as part of the monthly instalment. As an expense on the income statement for the business, the interest component of the loan is tax deductible. The overall tax obligation is reduced by the deduction. Tax deductions are available for interest payments made to lenders. Thus, business loans are a feasible option for many companies, particularly those in the MSME category, to expand their operations and pay less in taxes.

However, the principal borrowed from the lender is not deductible for tax purposes and cannot be claimed as a business expense. The total amount obtained as a business loan is referred to as the principal amount, and no taxes need to be paid on the principal amount. It is a portion of gross income, and the owner of the business must pay taxes on his or her net income.

Business Expenses

To determine taxable income, the operating and maintenance costs of the business can also be deducted from total business revenue. The list of business costs that do not contribute to income is provided below.

  • wages given to the workers
  • health insurance provided to the employees
  • the cost of leasing office space
  • office goods including stationery, and daily maintenance expenses
  • Marketing and advertising costs
  • Bonuses given to staff

Important Points on Tax advantages for business loans

All different kinds of business loans, including term loans, working capital loans, machinery loans, bill discounting loans, small business loans, and letters of credit are considerable. The interest paid on all business loans is tax deductible.

  • Tax deductions are also available for interest paid on personal loans drawn out for business purposes.
  • Typically, the interest on the business loan is deducted from the gross business income.
  • Overall tax liability is decreased when interest is claimed on a business loan.
  • Total business revenue is subtracted from total business expenses to determine tax liability.
  • The business loan’s principal portion is not a tax-deductible business expenses Tax deductions are not allowed for the loan repayment portion that takes the form of equated monthly instalments (EMI).

Grow your MSME with collateral-free business loans

How to Pay Income Taxes

An income tax is a tax levied by the government on the income earned by individuals, businesses, and other entities within a country. It is one of the primary sources of revenue for the government, which is used to fund public services such as healthcare, education, infrastructure, and defence.

In India, the income tax is governed by the Income Tax Act, of 1961, and is administered by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). In general, any individual or entity that earns income during a financial year is eligible to pay income tax. This includes:


Any person who earns income from salary, business, profession, capital gains, or any other source is required to pay income tax if their total income exceeds the basic exemption limit.

Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs):

HUFs are a separate legal entity under Hindu Law, and any income earned by them is subject to income tax.


All companies registered in India, whether private or public, are required to pay income tax on their profits.

Partnership Firms:

Partnership firms, including LLPs (Limited Liability Partnerships), are also required to pay income tax on their profits.


Any trust, association of persons (AOP), or body of individuals (BOI) that earns income is subject to income tax.

The income tax rates and exemptions vary based on the category of taxpayers, their income level, and other factors such as age, gender, and disabilities. To pay income taxes in India, you can follow these steps:

  1. Obtain your Permanent Account Number (PAN) if you don’t already have one. This is a unique 10-digit alphanumeric number issued by the Indian Income Tax Department and is mandatory for filing income tax returns.
  2. Determine your taxable income for the financial year. This includes income from all sources, such as salary, rental income, capital gains, and interest on savings accounts.
  3. Calculate the tax payable on your taxable income based on the prevailing tax rates. The tax rates vary depending on your income level and other factors.
  4. File your income tax return for the financial year through the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal or through a tax professional.
  5. Pay your tax liability using one of the following methods:
    • Online payment through the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal using internet banking, credit/debit cards, or the National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) system.
    • Physical payment by visiting a designated bank and submitting a challan specifying the amount of tax payable.
  6. After making the payment, ensure that you receive an acknowledgement or receipt as proof of payment.
  7. In case of any errors or discrepancies, rectify the same by filing a revised tax return.
  8. It is important to note that failure to pay income tax or file returns on time may result in penalties and interest charges. Therefore, it is advisable to be aware of the tax laws and comply with them accordingly.

Income Tax Returns

An individual must complete an Income Tax Return (ITR) form and submit it to the Indian Income Tax Department in order to provide information regarding his earnings and taxes due for the current tax year. An ITR’s information must be relevant for a certain fiscal year that runs from 1 April through 31 March of the following year.

A person’s earnings may come from a variety of sources, including a salary, business profits, the sale of a home or other property, dividends, capital gains, and interest. The Income Tax Department will repay it to the individual if they paid more tax than necessary in a given year.

In India, there are several types of Income Tax Return (ITR) forms that individuals and entities can use to file their income tax returns based on their income sources and other factors. Here is an overview of the various ITR forms in India:


This form, also known as Sahaj, is used by individuals who have income from salary, one house property, and other sources such as interest income, but not for those who have income from business or profession.


This form is used by individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) who have income from sources other than business or profession, such as capital gains or foreign assets. It can also be used by individuals who have income from more than one house property.


This form is used by individuals and HUFs who have income from business or profession, as well as from other sources such as salary, house property, or capital gains.


This form, also known as Sugam, is used by individuals, HUFs, and partnership firms who have income from a presumptive business or profession. This includes small traders, shopkeepers, and professionals such as doctors and lawyers who have a total income of up to Rs. 50 lakhs.


This form is used by LLPs (Limited Liability Partnerships), AOPs (Association of Persons), BOIs (Body of Individuals), and other entities such as firms, estates, and trusts.


This form is used by companies that are not claiming exemption under Section 11 (income from property held for charitable or religious purposes) of the Income Tax Act.


This form is used by persons including companies that are required to furnish returns under Section 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C), or 139(4D) of the Income Tax Act. This includes entities such as charitable trusts, political parties, and research associations.

It is important to choose the correct ITR form while filing income tax returns to avoid any discrepancies or penalties. Individuals and entities can check the income tax department’s website or consult a tax professional to determine the appropriate ITR form for their income sources and other factors.

Benefits of Paying Taxes

Paying income tax on time and consistently can indirectly help in improving creditworthiness. First, regularly paying income tax can help establish a pattern of financial discipline, which is important for lenders and financial institutions when assessing creditworthiness. It shows that the individual is responsible with their finances and is capable of managing their financial obligations.

Income tax payments reduce the amount of disposable income that an individual has, which can indirectly help in reducing their debt-to-income ratio. This ratio is an important factor that lenders consider when assessing creditworthiness, as it indicates the individual’s ability to manage debt payments.

In some cases, income tax payments can help in building a positive credit history. For example, if an individual has a history of paying income tax on time and in full, this could be considered as a positive factor when applying for loans or credit cards. Compliance with legal obligations is an important factor that lenders and financial institutions consider when assessing creditworthiness.

An important civic duty that benefits both citizens and society as a whole is paying taxes. Taxes contribute to the funding of important public services including infrastructure, education, and national security. Additionally, they contribute to the funding of social welfare initiatives like Medicare, Social Security, and unemployment insurance. By offering tax credits and deductions for low- and middle-income taxpayers, taxes also aid in the reduction of income inequality.

Taxes are also beneficial to the economy because they give the government the funds it needs to invest in infrastructure and other programs that will promote economic expansion. Given the size of India and the fact that the informal unorganized sector accounts for more than 50% of the economy, reliance on surveys of this sector is unavoidable. Some of the main advantages of filing taxes are as follows:

1. Infrastructure:

Taxes help to fund the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, public transportation, and other infrastructure that is essential for the functioning of the economy and the well-being of citizens.

2. Public services:

Taxes help to fund education, healthcare, social welfare programs, and other public services that are essential for the well-being of citizens.

3. Defence and security:

Taxes help to fund the military and other security services that protect the country from foreign aggression and internal threats.

4. Economic stability:

Taxes help to fund programs that promote economic stability, such as unemployment insurance and other safety net programs that help individuals and families during difficult economic times.

5. Social mobility:

Taxes help to fund programs that promote social mobility, such as educational opportunities and training programs that help individuals and families to improve their lives and achieve their goals.

6. Collective Action:

Taxes fund programs that have a collective benefit to the society such as environment protection, disaster management, and public health.

By paying taxes, individuals and businesses are contributing to the common good and helping to create a stronger and more equitable society. In turn, a stable and well-functioning society is beneficial for the citizens and the economy as a whole.


In conclusion, tax benefits on business loans can be a significant factor to consider when deciding on financing options for a business. Taking advantage of tax deductions and credits related to interest paid on loans can reduce the overall cost of borrowing, making it a more attractive option for businesses looking to finance their operations or growth.

However, it’s important to consult with a tax professional or financial advisor to fully understand the tax implications and requirements associated with business loans, and to ensure that your business is taking advantage of all available tax benefits while remaining in compliance with applicable regulations. Overall, carefully evaluating tax benefits and other factors can help businesses make informed decisions about financing and ultimately achieve their goals.


  1. I recently paid interest on a business loan; when may I claim the tax benefits?

For the fiscal year in which the loan is due, the interest that has been collected on it may be included in business expenditures. Benefits from taxes can be claimed within the same fiscal year.

  1. Will the principal of a business loan be included in the business’s income?

A percentage of a business loan’s principal is considered revenue. Consequently, tax deductions are not allowed for it.

  1. Is the refinance of a business eligible for tax deduction?

The process of refinancing a business entails taking on loan obligations in the form of revised interest rates, rescheduled EMI payments, or modifications to the original loan agreement. For businesses, refinancing is advantageous because it enables them to increase long-term savings. However, the refinancing cannot be regarded as a business expense if it is required to pay back the initial lender. In this scenario, you cannot deduct the interest you paid on the initial loan from your taxes. The interest on the second loan, however, is deductible from income.

  1. What is income tax?

Income tax is a tax levied on the income earned by individuals, businesses, and other entities. It is a direct tax that is collected by the government to fund public services and infrastructure.

  1. How can someone find out the status of their income tax return?

You can check the status of your income tax return on the Income Tax Department of India’s official website. You need a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and password to check the status.

  1. Is it possible to file an income tax return after the deadline?

Yes, it is possible to file income tax returns after the deadline, but it will attract penalty and interest charges.

  1. Is there a limit on the amount of interest that can be claimed as a deduction?

There is no specific limit on the amount of interest that can be claimed as a deduction. However, the amount of interest claimed as a deduction should not exceed the actual interest paid on the loan.

You may also like